Canadian residents must report world-wide income on their tax returns. This includes income generated by properties held in foreign countries such as interest, dividends, capital gains, rental and royalty income, and business income.
If the cost (book value) of any foreign-held assets exceeds C$100,000 at any time in the year, the details must be reported on the Canadian resident’s tax return.
Foreign property includes:
Money in foreign bank accounts (even if the balance is over the threshold for just a few days)
Stocks in foreign companies EVEN IF HELD IN, OR PURCHASED THROUGH, A CANADIAN BANK OR BROKERAGE
Foreign rental property
Units in offshore mutual funds
Bonds/debentures issued by foreign governments/companies
Income-producing real estate situated outside Canada
Interests in non-resident trusts
Foreign property does not include:
Registered pension fund investments (e.g. RRSPs, US IRA)
Canadian-registered mutual funds that invest in foreign stocks (as opposed to foreign stocks held in a brokerage account)
Personal-use properties (such as a vacation property, even if rented on a short-term basis)
Shares of a foreign affiliate of a Canadian company
Penalties for failing to report this information are punitive: $25 per day for a maximum of 100 days (maximum $2,500).